MSU Extension Flathead County Newsletter
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MSU Extension Flathead County Newsletter June 2022
Upcoming Extension Meetings and Special Events for June
Forums, Committees & Councils
· Flathead 4-H Council: Thursday, July 28th 6pm Fairgrounds 4-H Building
· Flathead 4-H Foundation: Thursday, June 23rd 6:00pm 4-H Building
· Ag/Livestock Committee: Thursday, June 2nd at 5:45 pm 4-H Building
· Horse Committee: Thursday, June 9th at 6:00pm Fairgrounds
· Beef Committee: TBA
· Hog Committee: TBA
· Sheep Committee: TBA
· Goat Committee: Tuesday, June 14th 6pm Fairgrounds
· Awards Committee: Thursday, June 9th 5pm Our Redeemer Lutheran Church, Columbia Falls
Upcoming Activities & Other Meetings
🍀 June 1, Market Poultry/Rabbit Enrollment Deadline
🍀 June 1, Horse Card & Horse Level Assessment Deadline
🍀 June 1, Project add/drop Deadline
🍀 June 1-15, Register for 4-H Day Camp
🍀 June 4, Small Animal Required LQA, 11:30am Fairground’s Small Animal Barn
🍀 June 5, Goat Clinic, 3pm Country Kitchen
🍀 June 11, Swine Clinic, 10am Fairgrounds
🍀 June 15, Hand to Heart and Little Chief Award Applications Due
🍀 June 16, Flathead 4-H Day Planning Committee Meeting, 6pm 4-H Building
🍀 June 18th, Cloverbud Meeting 10am Sykes Diner Basement
🍀 June 21 Livestock Emergency Evacuation & Shelter Meeting, 6pm AOA Conf. Room
🍀 June 22-24, Hand to Heart and Little Chief Award Interviews
🍀 June 25, Beef Clinic, 12pm Fairgrounds
🍀 June 30, Sheep Replacement Cut-off
🍀 July 4, Extension Office Closed
🍀 July 10-15, Ntrl Resource Camp
🍀 July 12, Swine Clinic, 7pm Fairgrounds
🍀 July 13, Extension Office Closed 12:30-3:30pm for monthly Safety meeting
🍀 July 13-16, MT 4-H Congress, Bozeman
🍀 July 16, Cloverbud Meeting 10am Sykes Diner Basement
🍀 July 19, Goat Clinic 6pm, Mild Fence Arena
🍀 July 19-22, 4-H Day Camp, Darrell Fenner Loon Lake 4-H Camp
🍀 Aug 1, Drug Withdrawal & Commitment to Excellence Forms due to Extension Office
🍀 Aug 1, Market Animal Records Check-off due
🍀 Aug 1, Registration for Fair deadline 4:30pm
Table of Contents
Page 2—From MSU Extension Office
Page 3-4—Club Reporter Monthly Feature Story
Page 4—AG Notes
Page 7—State Events
Page 7-11—County Events
Page 11—Project Information
Page 12—Market Project Information
Page 13-14—Miscellaneous Information
Page 15—SNAP Recipe
FROM THE MSU COUNTY EXTENSION OFFICE
Dear 4-H families and leaders,
I am happy to pass the baton to our new 4-H agent, Rick Balestri. If you have not met him yet, you have not attended the Veteran’s Memorial Day Parade, the camp workday, the teen mystery activity, the horse camp, the last packing clinic, the camp counselor training in Ronan or the Council meeting. Rick does not officially start until mid-June but he has jumped in every weekend getting to know the 4-H community.
As we get ready for a Flathead Day camp and fair, I know that you will all be there to help him learn the ropes.
I have had the opportunity to share with Rick the discussions and focus of a number of our leader trainings. He will continue to meet with you and find out how he can help you be successful.
Kristi, Rick and I are encouraging all clubs to have at least one representative at the Council meetings. We are about to embark on some changes within the organization related to the definition of “a member in good standing.” This will include club meeting attendance, livestock clinic requirements, community service participation, and more. If the org leader cannot attend, the expectation will be that there will be a “club delegate” to vote on behalf of that club.
A quick reminder that all fliers and documents should be reviewed by the Extension office to ensure that they meet MSU guidelines for logo placement and the inclusion of the indicia statement.
See you around, gang. It’s been a whirlwind of a year and a half. We done GOOD! It was worth the struggle to be where we are today.
Wishing you all the best,
MSU 4-H Extension Agent
Flathead County 4H Members and Volunteers,
Thank you all for the incredibly warm welcome. I’ve appreciated the opportunity to attend several of your recent events and see firsthand the top quality 4H activities Flathead County hosts each week. I am scheduled to begin working full time from the MSU Extension office on Monday, June 13th and will focus my efforts during this summer on the day camp, fair, and visiting many of our great clubs.
Thank you again,
MSU 4-H Extension Agent
4-H CLUB REPORTER MONTHLY FEATURE STORY
Greetings 4-H family,
Hello from the Dandy Dudes and Dolls!
We want to say a huge, “Welcome!” to the new Extension Agent, Rick Balestri! Thank you,
Rick, for showing up at some of our 4H events (camp clean up, Teen Fun Day, and Bad Rock
arena for the trail and packing clinic)- it's nice getting to know you!
At our May meeting, we went over new business and old business.
At each meeting we “Introduce our neighbor” and all the members get to know each other
and tell a little something about that member to the rest of the club! We had 5 people do
presentations. Marlee Rice showed us how to sew a chicken using an old Singer sewing
machine. Lauren Woods talked about Smokejumpers. Bryce Woods told us all about hermit
crabs and how NOT to get your finger snipped off by them. Isaiah McLean taught us about
etiquette for the American Flag, what it stands for and its history. I (Emily Benson) showed
how to sew a zipper!
Our sewing kids sewed toiletry bags that our club is going to fill with toiletries and donate to
the Heart Locker.
We had 10 teens attend the Teen Fun Day- they had a great time playing games and getting the camp ready for Day Camp.
Attention 4-H Club Reporters!!
What is a 4-H Club Reporter? Do you know what a news reporter is for the newspaper or for the TV news? A 4-H Club Reporters is the same thing except they report what is going on in their 4-H Club. Do you have a story you would like to feature in the Extension newsletter? We are going to feature a different club each month so get your keyboards ready and keep your ears and eyes open for some fabulous news to share with the Extension community. Email your story to firstname.lastname@example.org. We can’t wait to see what is going on in your 4-H Club!
Hello from the Ambassadors!
Our Spring has been very busy. We spent time getting ready for the Teen Fun Day and Veteran’s Parade along with organizing the Poster Contest and Sticker Design Contest for Market Animal Buyers. We’re excited to welcome Morgan Baker as another great leader/member of our team. She came to the Teen Fun Day, participated as the best Genie we’ve ever seen, and handed out the awards at the end of the mystery game. Thanks, Morgan!
Teen Fun Day was great- 30 amazing teens showed up for the Mystery game and Camp Cleanup. Most came dressed in character, which added a lot of fun. It was a great opportunity to meet kids from other clubs. We cleaned the kitchen and mattresses, went through camp games and cleaned the downstairs rec area. After that we played outdoor games, including a very competitive game of Red Rover.The Veteran’s Parade was super awesome this year- we handed out chips, soda, and flag lapel pins. The veterans were very excited and there were even a couple who still had pins on from last year’s parade. We’re starting to plan some future events: a car wash fundraiser, Battle of the Barns, and the Fair dance, to name a few. Stay tuned!
Ambassador Club Reporter
Reminder from the AG Livestock Committee:
It’s against AG policy to personalize the Market Sale Flyer when inviting byers to the Market Sale. Invite byers to the Market Sale, just don’t ask them to buy your animal.
Flathead 4-H Summer Day Camp!
July 19-22, 2022
Darrell Fenner Loon Lake 4-H Camp, Bigfork MT
July 19th, Cloverbuds
July 20th, Junior Members
July 21st, Senior Members
July 22nd, Everyone may attend
Fun and Creative Outdoor Activities
Registration is $30 per day
Pick-up/Drop off available in Kalispell, Woody’s or at Camp
Register June 1-15, 2022 through the Extension Office at https://flathead.msuextension.org/camp.html
then mail your check (make checks payable to the Flathead 4-H Council) to the Extension office at 1108 S. Main St. Ste. 4, Kalispell MT 59901.
Big Thank You for New Entrance Gate at the Darrell Fenner Loon Lake 4-H Camp!
A year ago when we started rebuilding our camp, Mike Twillmann had a vision to bring new life to the entry way for our amazing camp. Huge shout out to Mike for the gates, fencing and refurbishing our historic sign!!! Thank you so much James Stupak of Wild Montana Wood for the amazing logs for the entry way!! Thank-you to the McIntyre family and Bryan Erickson for peeling the logs, Lesley Hawbaker and Carol for staining them, Bruce Berglund and the Erickson boys for helping Mike and Bryan set and construct everything we are ready for the summer!
36th Montana Natural Resources Youth Camp
July 10-15, 2022
For 36 years, the Montana Natural Resources Youth Camp has provided youth an opportunity to study in an outdoor classroom. Today's scientific principles, economic realities, historical heritage, and social perspectives help these future leaders in their quest to gain natural resources a perspective that is informed and progressive. Campers learn about forests, streams, soils, geology, rangeland, wildlife, and recreation and spend half-day rafting the Clark Fork River's Alberton Gorge. In between the field sessions, professionals who volunteer from various natural resources-based agencies and industries, specialty evening programs, guest speakers, hands-on learning-through-discovery and campfires provide for a lasting summer camp experience.
Please help us to get the word out about our camp by posting our flyer on your bulletin board or pass along the information in an email or monthly newsletter. Scholarships are available for camp fees or transportation costs. More information about our camp is on our website at: https://forestry.msuextension.org/mnryc/index.html. I am happy to mail you a printed flyer, handouts, and applications.
If you have questions, please feel free to contact Christina Oppegard, Camp Director, at MSU Extension Forestry (406) 243-2773 email@example.com.
MSU Extension Forestry. 32 Campus Drive W.A. Franke College of Forestry & Conservation Missoula, MT 59812-0606. Tel: (406) 243-2773 Fax: (406) 243-4715 firstname.lastname@example.org
$300 for 6 days
Enjoy an overnight camping trip Friday night.
10 spots available (first come, first serve)
additional cost $50.00
Spend a week in rustic cabins at Lubrecht Experimental Forest east of Missoula,
learn about our natural resources & their management, and make lasting friendships.
Experience activity packed days with hands-on instruction, rafting, swimming & more!
Camp starts time 4:00pm and ends time 3:00pm.
Must be age 14-18 or have completed 8th grade to attend.
Application and $150 deposit is due July 1st (deadline).
The balance is due by start of camp.
4-H Teen Fun Day at 4-H Camp 12+
Come help solve the exciting mystery of King Henry the Eighth
To solve the mystery you have a chance to play with friends and fellow 4-H’rs as characters from classic books such as Huck Finn, Alice from wonderland, Sherlock Holmes, Goldie Locks, Peter Pan, Little Red riding hood, the wolf and much more.
The game and food are provided by the 4-H ambassadors
Camp Clean Up
The proceeds will go towards helping the Foundation pay for mattresses for 4-H camp.
7th of May 2022
To RSVP, contact Mirrer (406)309-1918
Due April 15th
Transportation, food and donation provided with $20 participation fee
Bought to you by the Flathead County 4-H Foundation Youth Team.
Join us Wednesday July 13 - Saturday 16, 2022 on MSU Campus - Bozeman. Pre Congress and Ambassador Officer Selection will be Monday July 11-13, 2022.
Montana 4-H invites all members 4-H age 13 and older, volunteers and MSU extension faculty and staff to the 2022 Montana 4-H congress event on the Bozeman campus of Montana State University.
Wondering what Montana 4-H Congress is all about? Ask someone. Reach out to older members in your club or county that have been to congress before. They will tell you just what they love most about this event. Not sure who to ask... email a state officer. They are congress experts and can answer all of your questions.
Montana 4-H Congress provides youth from across the state an opportunity to come together on the Montana State University campus in Bozeman for four days and participate in an event like no other. Congress offers both youth and adults a venue in which to learn, be challenged, and most of all, have a great time with their peers. Montana 4-Hers have been attending an event like Congress for decades. Congress has become an important tradition and is the signature event for the Montana 4-H Program.
Its purpose is to provide a safe and fun environment for youth to experience all that 4-H Congress has to offer including: contests, workshops, entertainment, social events, and much more.
2022 4-H Week Display Contest
Judging will be completed on the 8th.
Awards provided by the Flathead 4-H Council.
Theme to be announced.
If you would like to help plan this event, please attend the Flathead 4H Day planning committee Thursday June 16th 6pm, 4H building on the fairgrounds. For more information contact email@example.com.
We can help you find a location to place a display.
Cloverbud Activity Days!!!
Saturday June 18th located at the Sykes Diner Basement (202 2nd Ave. W., Kalispell) at 10 am to 11 am. Please don’t park in the parking lot, park on the side streets.
For questions or more information, please call Jayme Evenson at 291-5864.
Teen Fun Day!
Teen Day went very well. Kids had a blast, finishing touches on camp cleanup finished,
kids raised $250 to spend on buying something fun for camp. The teens commented on
how nice it was to have a day for them. They liked the mystery game, now that they
understand what it is and how it works they want to do another sometime.
It’s Time for the Hand to Heart and Little Chief Award Applications!
The Hand to Heart Award Applications are for 4-H youth 4-H Ages 8-13 that have exhibited citizenship and community service activities within the past year. Applicants are encouraged to provide supporting documentation such as pictures or newspaper clippings, etc. of their activities.
The Little Chief Award Applications are for 4-H youth 4-H Ages 14 and up that have exhibited citizenship, leadership, and community service activities within the past year. Conservation activities count as citizenship. Applicants are encouraged to provide supporting documentation such as pictures and letters of support for their activities.
Applicants are required to interview so dress as if you are attending a job interview. You may nominate outstanding members who have gone above and beyond in Citizenship, Leadership, and Community Service for these awards, but nominations are not required. Nominations due Wednesday June 1, 2022.
Applications are due into the Extension office by Wednesday June 15, 2022
Interviews are scheduled to take place starting Wednesday June 22, 2022 through Friday June 24, 2022
Nomination Form Hand to Heart Application Little Chief Application
or go to https://flathead.msuextension.org/4hevents.html
Veteran’s Parade Poster Contest Winners!
Congratulations to all those who made posters for the Second Annual Veteran’s Parade on May 21st. Melissa, the CNA Activities Aid at the veteran’s home, judged the posters. There were over 30 of them so it was stiff competition! Congratulations to Diego Biggerstaff, who took first place and $30, Annika Mason, who took second place and $20, and Jayne McLean, who took third place and $10. Great job, everyone!!
“Nothing but rave reviews about Saturday’s event! Thank you for making this happen and doing such a great job. Please send out a huge thank you to everyone: kids, parents, leaders for all their effort and work! I love the posters! Thank YOU for doing this!”
We received the above text from Bonnie, Activities Director for the Columbia Falls Veteran’s Home, first thing Monday morning. The Ambassadors, with the Columbia Falls Veteran’s Home and all the veterans, would like to thank everyone who came out for the second annual Veteran’s Parade on May 21st. Usually, parades aren’t as much about the folks lined up on the sides, but, as per usual, Flathead County 4-H went above and beyond! Over 100 people showed up to gift our veterans with a parade that quickly became 100% interactive. Kids brought their animals to the veterans for them to pet and hold - a baby steer, baby goat and lambs, along with lots of sheep, dogs, two pigs (who were already walking with their owners!), and even a snake! Others handed out the chips and sodas that the clubs bought for them, held their posters for the residents to read, or helped them pin the American flag lapel pins the Ambassadors bought to their shirts or hats. We also saw the pins we bought last year still on jackets and hats, a fun reminder of another great parade! Thanks, Flathead County 4-H!!
Save the Date!
Flathead 4H Day—October 8th, Activities from 9am-2pm
Celebrate and share 4-H. Something for everyone, come for part or all day.
Workshops, New Family Orientation, Project Fair, Guest Speaker, Commemorative Path Brick placing and celebration, Foundation meeting. 4H week display winners announced. Lunch provided by the Flathead 4H Foundation.
Flathead 4H Day planning committee meeting Thursday June 16th 6pm. 4H building on the fairgrounds.
If you would like to host a workshop but cannot make the planning meeting, contact Kelleysuebain@gmail.com. Funding available.
L I V E ST OC K E M E R G E NC Y E V AC U AT I O N A ND S H E L T E R M E ET I NG
Tuesday, June 21st 6:00 pm - 8:00 pm Flathead County South Campus (AOA) Conference Room, 40 11th St. W.
· Do you own livestock or backyard animals?
· Are you concerned about your livestock during this upcoming fire season?
· Do you have enough trailer space to evacuate all your animals in case of an Emergency?
· Would you be willing to help your community members evacuate or shelter their animals during a disaster?
Flathead County is organizing a Community Animal Response Team (CART) with the help of
MSU Extension and Flathead County
Office of Emergency Services.
This meeting is for any volunteer who is interested in assisting local County Disaster Officials and Extension, in animal evacuation and sheltering during an emergency, including:
Livestock & Animal Owners
Ranchers Brand Inspectors Veterinarians Livestock Associations
Rescue & Sheltering Groups Fairgrounds Board & Manager County Commissioners Legislators
Tribal Officials & Disaster Coordinators
Law Enforcement Fire Responders Forest Service Public Health
Refreshment will be provided!
For additional information contact Pat McGlynn, MSU Extension Flathead County
Sunday June 5th 3:00pm—5:00pm Fairgrounds Country Kitchen, Topic: Health, Deworming, etc.
Tuesday July 19th 6:00pm Fairgrounds Mild Fence Arena, Topic: Showmanship, fair prep, washing, clipping, etc.
Morgan Baker is going to be doing a senior spotlight for the graduating seniors. Morgan needs the graduating seniors to send in a senior picture (or activity picture) and then there are four questions that she would like the seniors to answer:
1. How long have you been in 4H?
2. What is your favorite 4H project?
3. What is your best 4H memory?
4. What are you planning on doing after graduation?
Contact Morgan at firstname.lastname@example.org with your senior blurbs and your senior photos.
2022 Graduating Seniors
Kirsten Benson, Dandy Dudes & Dolls Hannah Boll, Grandview Supreme
Cody Carson, Rocky Mtn Blue Ribbon Tyler Durbin, Flathead Shooting Sports
Faith Eberhart, Dandy Dudes & Dolls Cainen Erickson, Grandview Supreme
Kiaunna Green, Grandview Supreme Wyatt Hewitt, Grandview Supreme
Isabell Johnson, Trail Blazers Joseph Karboski, B&F Livestock
Sam McLean, Dandy Dudes & Dolls Reese McQuade, Grandview Supreme
Anna Morrison, Rocky Mtn Blue Ribbon Ellena May Schultz, Flathead Shooting Sports
Judah Westphal, 4-H Trail & Packing Club
7pm Weekly through August 8th & 9th
605 Farm View Lane, Kalispell
Winner of the set of Panniers for 2022 was Dylan Benson
This year Trail & Packing introduced incentives (tickets) for attendance, for leveling up and for clinic challenges. We gave a $50.00 Murdoch’s Gift Card away to a 4-H member at each Clinic and then at the Campout in May we gave away the Grand Prize – a set of Canvas/Leather Panniers. This year’s Trail & Packing was a huge success with the kids learning, leveling up and increasing their horse and packing skills. Looking forward to 2023!
Interested in learning to judge livestock?
Flathead 4-H Foundation has purchased a membership to livestockjudging.com for Flathead 4-H members. Learn from professionals with 524 classes of livestock, horse, dairy, poultry, rabbit, and meats. Contests and competitions are occasionally also available.
Go to livestockjudging.com
Click "sign up"
To create an account if they don't have one.
Log into http://www.livestockjudging.com/code
Enter this CODE ....3epk
This will now take you to your account which will now say Elite Account at the top.
Small Animal Clinic
June 4th: 11:30am, Fair Prep & Market Pen LQA, Required, Fairgrounds Small Animal Barn
Market Poultry/Rabbit – June 1st
Add and Drop all projects—June 1st
You must be enrolled and fees paid by 5pm this date. No exceptions!
Anyone interested in joining the Sheep Committee or want more information on the sheep project please join the REMIND group. Text @flatheadsh to 81010.
June 11, 2022 – Live Clinic #1 – Mild Fence Arena-10am-12pm at the Fairgrounds with optional weigh-in, showmanship & fair prep, ice cream social following.
July 12, 2022 – Live Clinic #2 – Mild Fence Arena – 7-8:30pm at the Fairgrounds with optional weigh-in
If you have any questions, contact Morgan Baker – 406-909-0217.
June 25, 2022—Hoof Trimming/Pre-Fair Clinic: 12 noon at the Fairgrounds Draft Horse Barn/Mild Fence Arena
July TBA, 2022—Mock Show Practice: 6:30-8:30 pm at the Fairgrounds Trade Center Show Arena, Tie Outside (Bring your show gear including show halter. Come prepared or come early for fitting, clipping and showmanship help.)
Volunteer Leader Resources
Learning Lab Kits Available for Leaders to Check-out as a Teaching Resources
Beef, Dairy, Dog, Horse, Sheep, Swine, Poultry, Rabbit, Goat, and Plant Identification!
Need 4-H Project Manuals and you can’t get to the Extension Office? No worries, go to https://store.msuextension.org/ and search for the 4-H project manuals you need, select them, go to the check out, then use your credit card or debit card, then finish your purchase, and have them shipped right to your door. It’s that easy!
The Office Administrator goes to lunch every day from 1-2pm, many times the Extension office door is locked during that time. She also has occasional meetings and errand for the county. If you need special accommodations or a guaranteed meeting with someone, please feel free to call ahead and make an appointment.
Just a gentle reminder…
If the Extension Office doesn’t have a club meeting or event on written record in the office the meeting or event will not be covered under the 4-H insurance. Please let the Extension office know the date, time, location, what the event is, or if it is a meeting before the 4-H event, meeting, or activity. You can use the Event, Activity and Fundraising Form if you like so you don’t forget anything or you can send the Extension office an email. If your group is doing a fundraiser, of any type, you must submit a Fundraiser Form to the Extension office to be put in your club file. We often get questions from community members about various fundraisers.
MONTANA 4-H MERCHANDISE
Browse the new Montana 4-H merchandise at the MSU Extension Store and paint our state green with 4-H T-shirts, mugs, buttons, and stickers! Start shopping at the 4-H Mall!
Dear Flathead 4-H members, leaders & families:
The MSU Extension Flathead County Office will be closed July 4th for Independence Day. We may be periodically closed for meetings or to run errands. If you need to speak with us personally, please call for an appointment time. Please leave paperwork in basket or leave in mailbox on front of building for confidential information. Our schedule is subject to change at anytime.
Montana State University
Agriculture Extension Agent
Montana State University
4-H Extension Agent
MSU Extension, Flathead County
Phone: (406) 758-5553
SNAP Recipe of the Month
Vinaigrette Dressing Variations
Try these combinations, or create your own!
6 tablespoons oil
4 tablespoons apple cider vinegar
¼ teaspoon salt
¼ teaspoon black pepper
Italian Vinaigrette: add these ingredients to the Basic Vinaigrette
1 teaspoon garlic powder
1 teaspoon Italian seasoning
1 pinch of crushed red pepper flakes (optional)
Honey Mustard Vinaigrette: add these ingredients to the Basic Vinaigrette
1 teaspoon Dijon or spicy brown mustard
2 teaspoons honey
1. Collect and measure all ingredients before starting to prepare the recipe.
2. Combine all ingredients in a small container with a lid and shake well, or combine in a small bowl and whisk until smooth.
3. Allow to stand for 10 minutes so flavors blend together.
4. Store for up to 2 weeks in a sealed container in the refrigerator.
5. Contents may separate when stored. Shake or stir to re-mix.
Lettuce, spinach, collards, and chard are all part of June’s #MTHarvestoftheMonth, leafy greens! These green goodies are perfect for growing in gardens and aren’t just for salads. Read the Harvest at Home handout for other dishes you can add leafy greens to, as well as fun facts and growing tips! http://bit.ly/mthomleafygreens
MSU Extension—Flathead County
Agriculture, Natural Resource & Community Development Extension Agent
4-H & Youth Development Agent
1108 South Main Street Ste. 4
Kalispell, MT 59901
Phone: (406) 758-5553
Fax: (406) 758-5881
Find us on Facebook at Flathead4H
State Web Sites:
Mon-Thurs 8am-5pm, Fri 8am-4:30pm,
Closed 1-2pm for lunch
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Montana State University and the Montana State University Extension prohibit discrimination in all of their programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital and family status. Issued in furtherance of cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cody Stone, Director of Extension, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717